Airplane Primary Flight Instruments

Flight Instruments and how to interpret and operate the flight instruments. * Pitot-static systems – Altimeter (shows the aircraft’s altitude above sea-level.) – Airspeed indicator (shows the aircraft’s speed relative to the surrounding air.) – Vertical speed indicator (rate of climb/descend indicator, feet per minute) * Gyroscopic Systems – Attitude Indicator (shows the aircraft’s relation to the horizon.) – Heading Indicator (displays the aircraft’s heading in compass points.) – Turn-and-Slip Indicator (indicates rotation about longitudinal axis, It includes an inclinometer that displays the A/C if It’s in coordinated flight, or in…

APA ICAO LEVEL 4 PREPARATION NU: 6

PART II Pictures Of Accident – Private Airplane Accident:1  In the foreground of the picture, there are two airplanes (the low-wing aircraft and the high-wing aircraft) that collided with each other during the touch-down of the white one and taxing to the runway of the red one. It is difficult, not easy to assess exactly what has happened. The visibility seems to be good so probably the pilot of the high-wing aircraft didn’t stop at the taxi holding point. The fuselages of both planes are intact but the propeller blades…

APA ICAO LEVEL 4 PREPARATION NU: 5

Another Narration: A few years ago I flew into and out of WPB (KPBI) (West Palm Beach Airport) with the family on board arriving during day VFR (Visual Flight Rules) in a Cirrus 260  for a straight-in visual approach to RW 28R, approaching from Oceanside. I was told by tower controller when checking in “cleared to land RW 28R, keep your speed up ” to which I replied “I’m going as fast as I can”. Then the Delta heavy 3 miles in the trail when receiving his clearance to land…

APA ICAO LEVEL 4 PREPARATION NU: 4

4. What is your interest in aviation? I love aviation. I am interested in all of the aspects of aviation. I have been reading books about the history of aviation since I was a child. Wright brothers were my childhood heroes. I love traveling, watching places, working with people. But flying airplanes gives me a great feeling that I have control over the big, heavy and very fast airplane. I am confident of my skills but I am aware of how much I still have to learn. Various types of…

APA ICAO LEVEL 4 PREPARATION NU: 3

1. Is English Important in Your Job? – I am not a professional pilot. I work in the business so of course, English is essential both for my job and passion: In addition, In business, you just have to speak English well to communicate effectively in the modern global economy. I can’t imagine any contact, transaction, business travel without communicating in English. For aviation which is my great passion, English is an absolute must. To avoid any misunderstandings which could be very dangerous. For the radio communication with the air…

APA ICAO Level 4 Preparation Nu: 2

Basic Vocabularies in Aviation English: Memory Items fulfill dreams- dream come true- ascending to the flight altitude- approach-descend- hold the speed up- sense of accomplishment- in the foreground – in the background – the low-wing aircraft – the high-wing aircraft – the visibility has been good/ proper- taxi to the runway – ignore the hold short rwy instructıon – the pilot didn’t stop at the taxi holding point – the fuselage is intact – the propeller blades are fractured, broken and twisted – the right strut is fractured – the…

APA ICAO Level 4 Preparation Nu: 1

ICAO LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY REQUIREMENTS IMPLEMENTATION RECOMMENDED ACTION PLAN : Hello Everyone, Today APA presents you ICAO English Proficiency, and requirements.. Firstly, You have to be aware of the vitality of English in every line of aviation life…So, “English is the primary element of Aviation, even important rather than skill… ICAO sets international standards and regulations in aviation, and to promote its safe growth and development. ICAO (The International Civil Aviation Organisation) has decided that ….. • all airline and helicopter pilots who fly internationally, and • all air traffic controllers…

Airport Facility Directory- AFD

During the VFR Flight Planning, All student pilots have to use both AFD and VFR Sectional Charts for XC Flight, VFR Flight Planning, etc. What else information does AFD provide? The Airport/Facility Directory (abbreviated A/FD), provides comprehensive information on airports, facilities and operations. Traffic pattern altitudes for propeller-driven aircraft generally extend from 600 feet to as high as 1,500 feet above the ground. Unless otherwise indicated, all turns in the traffic pattern should be made to the left. The FAA updates the supplements every 56 days, making them a staple in pilots’ flight…

İstanbul Havalimanı dünya rötar sıralamasında ilk sıraya yükseldi

İstanbul Havalimanı, dün gece yarısı dünya rötar sıralamasında 1.sıraya yükseldi. İnişlerde ortalama 68 dakika, kalkışta 30 dakikayı bulan rötar verisi var. Önceki gün geç saatlerde başlayan, sabah hızını artıran fırtına ve yağmur nedeniyle İstanbul Havalimanı’nda pek çok sefer iptal edilmişti. Zonguldak uçuşu iptali tazminat getirdi. Zonguldak’dan İstanbul’a uçmak için THY’den bilet alan Bartınlı Avukat Münevver Özsoy, 8 Aralık’taki uçuşunun iptali nedeniyle SGHM’ye başvuru yaptı. SGHM, Özsoy’u haklı buldu ve THY tarafının 100 Euro tazminat ödemesine karar verdi. İstanbul Havalimanı’nda gece boyunca rüzgar ve yağış etkisini gösterdi. Özellikle rüzgar, hem iniş…

How to make perfect crosswind landing?

Crosswind landing technique is the wing-low landing. Cross-Control is essential to keep the airplane aligned with the centerline. Tactics for Perfect Crosswind Landing: Crab Method on Final Approach till round out altitude, during the transition to flare, use wing-low Landing. Just before touchdown, you have to step on the rudder to align your nose with the runway, simultaneously use the ailerons to prevent drifting with the effect of crosswind.